With the world population having already surpassed 7 billion. There’s long been discussion on how to reduce the rate of expansion.
However, are there humane and compassionate ways to achieve this?
1. Family Planning
It’s simple. However, in more impoverished areas of the world, educating men and women on the use of contraception has been shown to be very effective. In 1989, for example, Iran rolled out a national family planning programme which resulted in a fertility rate decrease from 5.6 births per women to 2.6 in just 10 years.
2. Mix education with entertainment
Did you know that the US-based Population Media Center has adopted a creative approach to reach out to women. They have produced radio soap operas which incorporates stories on reproductive health with a global audience of nearly 500 million in 50 different countries.
3. Health Services for Women
It’s been shown that women who have easier access to reproductive health services can rise above poverty. It’s also been demonstrated that working women are prone to using birth control. The United Nations Population Fund intends to explore both of these by rolling out micro-credit projects that help younger women become advocates for reproductive health.
4. Implementing a one-child Policy
You may be familiar the controversy of China’s one-child policy which began in 1979 and was abolished in 2015. It was reported that this led to forced abortions, sterilizations and furthermore an imbalance of the male/female gender ratio.
5. Government Incentives
Is more direct government intervention going to be proposed? If the on-child policy had its flaws, perhaps a more lenient and incentivised approach could work.
A UK charity, Population Matters, suggested governments should subsidize the first two children of families with the intention to promote “responsible parenthood”. Though, families living in poverty would have no limits imposed.
Have your own ideas about how to deal with overpopulation?
We’d love to hear them, share your thoughts in the comments.